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RELIGIOUS FREEDOM DEFINED IN THE CONSTITUTIONS OF CERTAIN STATES

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Federal Constitution of the Republic of Austria (1930 as amended)

Art. 7 All citizens are equal before the law. They have exclusive privileges in origin, sex and religion.

Art. 10. The Federation has legislative and administrative influence in the following areas:

13. To religious cults.

Art. 14. v.6. Admission to public schools is allowed to everyone, regardless of origin or religion.

item 10. The Federation regulates the relations between the school and the church and the religious education in the schools.

Constitution of the Kingdom of Belgium (7 February 1831 as amended between 1893 and 1988)

Art. 14. The freedom of cults and their public manifestations, as well as the freedom of demonstrations in all areas are guaranteed, without disturbing the public order when using these freedoms.

Art. 15. No one can. be obliged., on no occasion, to attend cult ceremonies and to respect weekends.

Art. 16. The state has no right to appoint and ordain religious officials and may not prohibit their relations with their superiors or determine their acts, except when, through the press or their

publications, they do not comply with the established order.

Constitution of the Kingdom of Denmark (1.5 July 1953)

Article 4. The Evangelical Lutheran Church is the national Danish church and is patronized by the state.

Art. 66. The status of the national church is regulated by law.

Art. 67. Citizens have the right to group themselves in organizations in the name of God, according to their faith, but they do not have the right to preach and practice ideas and rituals that violate good traditions and public order.

Art. 68. No one can be obliged to personally support a cult that is not his.

Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation (May 29, 1874)

Art. 49. Freedom of faith and knowledge is necessary. No one may be restricted in relation to a religious society, teaching or performing religious acts, and no trouble may be created for religious reasons. Public and political rights cannot be restricted on the basis of church or religion. Religious affiliation does not reduce the performance of civic duties. No one can be obliged to pay a tax to religious communities if he is not a member.

Constitution of the French Republic (28 September 1958)

Art. 2. France shall ensure equality of all citizens before the law, regardless of origin, race or religion. She respects all religions.

Basic Law of Germany (1949)

Art. 3. No one may be wronged or obliged to believe and belong to any religion.

Art. 4. Freedom of religion and religion are necessary. The free performance of the cult is guaranteed.

Constitution of Greece / June 11, 1975 /

Art. 3. The dominant Greek religion is Eastern Orthodox Christianity. The Greek Orthodox Church recognizes the Lord Jesus Christ and is dogmatically part of the Patriarchate of Constantinople and the other Orthodox Churches, respects the other churches and the Holy Apostolic and Conciliar Canons, as well as St. Scripture and St. Tradition. It is autocephalous and is practiced by St. Synod in full and reduced composition, as well as the provisions of the Patriarchal Tomos of June 29, 1850 and the Synodal Act of September 4, 1928.

item 2. The religious – church activity is determined in the different regions of the country and cannot be violated, nor can a reason be created for that.

item 3. The texts of St. Scripture cannot be changed. Its official translation into another language is impossible without the permission of the Greek Autocephalous Church and the Patriarchate of Constantinople.

Art. 105

Item 1. The Mount Athos peninsula is part of the Mount Athos mountain and has a privileged status, one part of it belongs to the group of monasteries with autonomous administration. The Mount Athos Mountains, from the standpoint of faith and religion, are under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarch. All monks have Greek (Hellenic) nationality only after accepting monasticism, without any formalities.

item 2. The Mount Athos mountains are governed by their own, internal statute, together with the twenty Sts. monasteries that divided the Athos Peninsula, which could not be part of any country. The administrative management is carried out by representatives of St. monasteries that make up St. Brotherhood. It is forbidden to change the administrative system, the number of monasteries and the hierarchical order in them, the acceptance of schismatics is forbidden.

item 3. The internal organization of the Athos peninsula is defined and set out in the Statute (Statute) of the peninsula, which is edited and recognized by the twenty Sts. the monastery and ratified by the Ecumenical Patriarch and the Greek Chamber of Deputies.,

item 4. The Greek state maintains order and tranquility on the Mount Athos peninsula, and the Ecumenical Patriarch oversees the religious and spiritual life of the monasteries.

item 5. But by law a governor is appointed, you are responsible for the above provisions. From the legislation and St. The customs and fiscal prerogatives of the peninsula are defined brotherhood.

LAWS AND REGULATIONS ON RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES

Freedom of Religion Guarantee Act (Poland, 17 May 1989)

“The Sejm of the Republic of Poland:

– in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland concerning freedom of religion,

– orders that the traditions of ensuring religious freedoms, which are important for all Poles, regardless of their religion or denominations, be respected.

– knowing the historical role of the Church and of the other religious communities, which: have developed the national culture and have preserved the basic moral values. ”

Decree on Religious Freedom (adopted by the National Assembly of Portugal, 1971)

1. Basic principles

Chapter I

The state recognizes and guarantees the religious freedom of the people and provides legal protection to religious denominations.

Chapter II

1. The state does not officially recognize a religion, its relations with religious denominations are based on the principle of division (churches are separate from the state)

2. Religious denominations have equal rights to represent their cult and rituals.

Organic law of religious freedom. (Spain, June 5, 1980)

Norms regulating religious freedom:

Art. 1. item 1. The state guarantees the fundamental right to religious and cult freedom under the Constitution and in compliance with the provisions set forth in the Organic Law.

item 2. Religions are not and cannot be a factor for creating discrimination and trampling on the law. No one may exhibit religious motives in order to prohibit the work and social activities of one or more people.

item 3. No religion is a state religion.

Art. 2. item 1. The freedom of religion and cult is guaranteed by the Constitution for every person, no one can suffer or be worried because of their faith

item 2. Churches and religious communities have the right to build temples and religious buildings in order to carry out their religious activities and to appoint and form clergymen to profess their faith in society. and to establish relations with their organizations or with other religions, both in Spain and abroad.

Item 3. Religious activity may be carried out in military units, hospitals, public institutions, prisons and other state institutions, as well as in educational institutes.

Religious Freedom Act (Sweden, 26 October 1951)

Art. 1. – Everyone has the right to freely practice his religion until he begins to violate the social order or pose a danger to society.

Art. 2.- Everyone is free to meet and join other people in order to realize their religious desires

Art. 3. – Public religious activity may be permitted if it is: in accordance with the law on public events.

Art. 4.- No one can be obliged to become a member of any religious organization. Any act in this direction is zero and ineffective. The meaning of the “religious denomination” is that it has nothing to do with the Swedish Church, it is valid for any organization, regardless of its religious activity.

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Petar Gramatikov

Dr. Petar Gramatikov is the Editor in Chief and Director of The European Times. He is a member of the Union of Bulgarian Reporters. Dr. Gramatikov has more than 20 years of Academic experience in different institutions for higher education in Bulgaria. He also examined lectures, related to theoretical problems involved in the application of international law in religious law where a special focus has been given to the legal framework of New Religious Movements, freedom of religion and self-determination, and State-Church relations for plural-ethnic states. In addition to his professional and academic experience, Dr. Gramatikov has more than 10 years Media experience where he hold a positions as Editor of a tourism quarterly periodical “Club Orpheus” magazine – “ORPHEUS CLUB Wellness” PLC, Plovdiv; Consultant and author of religious lectures for the specialized rubric for deaf people at the Bulgarian National Television and has been Accredited as a journalist from “Help the Needy” Public Newspaper at the United Nations Office in Geneva, Switzerland.

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