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LabaraiShugaban 'yan gudun hijira na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya yaba da martanin da Turai ke mayarwa kan 'yan gudun hijirar Ukraine

Shugaban 'yan gudun hijira na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya yaba da martanin da Turai ke mayarwa kan 'yan gudun hijirar Ukraine

RA'AYI: Bayani da ra'ayoyin da aka buga a cikin labaran sune na wadanda ke bayyana su kuma alhakin kansu ne. Bugawa a cikin The European Times ba yana nufin amincewa da ra'ayi kai tsaye ba, amma 'yancin bayyana shi.

FASSARAR KYAUTA: Duk labaran da ke cikin wannan rukunin ana buga su cikin Turanci. Ana yin sifofin da aka fassara ta hanyar tsari mai sarrafa kansa wanda aka sani da fassarar jijiya. Idan kuna shakka, koyaushe koma zuwa ainihin labarin. Na gode don fahimta.

"Amsar da Turai ta bayar na da ban mamaki," Filippo Grandi ya ce sanarwa a ranar Talata, yayin da ya bukaci sauran kasashe su tashi tsaye.

Ya kara da cewa, wani umarni na kariya na wucin gadi na Tarayyar Turai (EU). ya sanar a ranar Alhamis din da ta gabata, "yana ba wa 'yan gudun hijira tsaro da zaɓuɓɓuka, damar samun kwanciyar hankali a lokacin babban tashin hankali."

Zuciya amma bakin ciki

Mr. Grandi, shugaban hukumar kula da 'yan gudun hijira ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya. UNHCR, ya shafe kwanaki biyar a yankin inda ya gana da 'yan gudun hijira, ma'aikatan agaji, masu ba da agaji na gida da gwamnatoci.

Ko da yake ya ji daɗin martanin da Turawa suka yi, amma ya kasance cikin baƙin ciki sosai ga Ukraine da mutanenta.

“A kan iyakokin na ga gudun hijira na mutane, galibi mata da yara, tare da manyan ‘yan gudun hijira da nakasassu. Sun iso a gigice da tashin hankali da balaguron balaguron balaguron da suka yi zuwa wurin tsira. An watse iyalai cikin rashin hankali. Abin takaici, sai dai idan ba a dakatar da yakin ba, hakan zai kasance ga wasu da yawa.” Ya ce.

'Yan Ukrain dai na ta kwararowa zuwa kasashen da ke makwabtaka da kasar tun bayan fara mamayar Rasha a ranar 24 ga watan Fabrairu.

'Fitowar haɗin kai na kwatsam'

Yawancin, fiye da miliyan 1.2, sun nufi Poland. Wasu kuma sun tsallaka zuwa Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Slovakia da sauransu.

Ma'aikatansa sun yi ta haɓaka ayyuka don biyan buƙatu na yau da kullun.

Mista Grandi ya ba da rahoton cewa UNHCR tana tallafawa daidaita ayyukan jin kai. An kuma tura “kwararraru masu dimbin yawa da kuma dubun dubatan daloli na agaji” don tallafa wa gwamnatoci da samar da kayan agaji da na kudi, yayin da aka karfafa kungiyoyin kariya don magance bukatun mata da yara.

Raba alhakin

Babban jami'in 'yan gudun hijira na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya yi kira ga kasashen duniya da su tashi tsaye don ba da karin tallafi ga 'yan gudun hijira da kuma al'ummomin da suka karbi bakuncin, musamman a Moldova. Wasu mutane 250,000 sun sami mafaka a wurin.

“Dole ne dukkan kasashen Turai su ci gaba da nuna karimci. Sauran ƙasashe, bayan Turai, Har ila yau, suna da muhimmiyar rawar da za su taka don taimaka wa mabukata da kuma raba alhakin duniya na miliyoyin 'yan gudun hijira," In ji Mista Grandi.

Yayin da yake a yankin, shugaban 'yan gudun hijira na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya kuma nuna damuwarsa game da wariya da wariyar launin fata ga wasu al'ummomin da ke tserewa daga Ukraine. Hukumomin kasar sun ba shi tabbacin cewa ba za su nuna wariya ko kuma mayar da mutanen da ke tserewa zuwa tsira ba.

Ana ci gaba da gwabza kazamin fada

A halin da ake ciki, halin da ake ciki a cikin Ukraine ya kasance mai ban tsoro, yayin da mutane ke neman mafaka daga fada ta kowace hanya.

Ya zuwa ranar Litinin, an samu asarar rayuka 1,335, ciki har da mutuwar 474. a cewar ofishin kare hakkin dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, OHCHR, ko da yake an yi imanin alkaluman gaske sun fi girma sosai.

Kakakin MDD Stéphane Dujarric ya fada a ranar Talata cewa, tawagogin MDD da majiyoyin bude ido duk sun ba da rahoton kazamin fada a gabashi da arewa maso gabas, ciki har da a ciki da wajen Mariupol, Chuhuiv, Kharkiv, Izyum, Chernihiv, Sumy da Sievierodonetsk.

An kuma bayar da rahoton kazamin kazamin fada a arewacin kasar, a wajen babban birnin kasar Kyiv, da suka hada da Bucha, Hostomel da Irpin.

Mutanen da suka makale a wasu daga cikin wadannan wuraren ba su da damar samun kayayyaki, in ji Mista Dujarric, skololuwa yayin jawabinsa na yau da kullun a New York.

"Muna maraba da hanyoyin sadarwar jama'a da bangarorin biyu suka yi game da aniyarsu ta samar da hanyar tsira ga fararen hula daga yankunan da ake rikici da suka hada da Mariupol, Kharkiv da Sumy." ya fadawa manema labarai.

Taimako a cikin Ukraine

Masu ba da agaji suna ƙara mayar da martani a gabas da yamma, kamar yadda tsaro ya ba da izini.

Abokiyar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya Kwamitin Red Cross na kasa da kasa ya samar da kayayyakin jinya sama da 200,000 ga asibitocin tafi da gidanka, yayin da kungiyar likitoci ta Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) ta kai kusan mitoci 120 na kayayyakin jinya ga kasar.

Mista Dujarric ya ce an fi mayar da hankali a yammacin kasar kan tallafawa mutanen da suka rasa matsugunansu. Hukumar kula da shige da fice ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya IOM Ya zuwa yanzu ya kai sama da manyan barguna masu zafi 18,000, yayin da UNHCR ta samar da barguna da katifu ga mutane 6,000.

Ya kara da cewa, masu aikin jin kai sun kafa cibiyar hada kai ta bai daya a birnin Rzeszow na kasar Poland, ga dukkan kungiyoyin da ke tunkarar rikicin Ukraine da kasashen makwabta.

Ƙungiyar Ƙarfin Nukiliya ta Chernobyl.
Binciko Yanki/Philip Grossman - Rukunin Ƙarfin Nukiliya na Chernobyl.

Damuwa ga ma'aikatan Chernobyl 

A cikin sabon sabuntawa, Hukumar Kula da Makamashi ta Duniya (IAEA) ya ci gaba da nuna damuwa game da tashar wutar lantarki ta Chernobyl, wurin da mummunan hatsarin 1986 ya yi, da kuma "yanayin damuwa" fuskantar ma'aikatanta wadanda, a zahiri, aka tsare a wurin.

Kimanin jami'an fasaha da masu gadi a wurin 210 ne ke aiki tun bayan da sojojin Rasha da suka mamaye wurin suka mamaye wurin kusan makonni biyu da suka gabata.

Shugaban hukumar ta IAEA Rafael Mariano Grossi ya ce hukumomin Ukraine sun sanar da hukumar cewa yana ƙara zama cikin gaggawa kuma yana da mahimmanci ga ma'aikatan da za a juya su.

Sun bukaci IAEA "ta jagoranci tallafin kasa da kasa da ake bukata don shirya shirin maye gurbin ma'aikatan da ke aiki a yanzu da kuma samar da wurin tare da ingantaccen tsarin juyawa."

Mr. Grossi ya jaddada cewa dole ne ma'aikatan da ke aiki da cibiyoyin nukiliya su sami damar hutawa da aiki a kan lokaci.

Ya sake bayyana shirin tafiya tashar Chernobyl, ko kuma wani wuri, a kokarin taimakawa wajen kare cibiyoyin nukiliyar kasar.

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