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HealthOHCHR le WHO li ile tsa qala tataiso ea ho felisa tšoaro e mpe litšebeletsong tsa bophelo bo botle ba kelello

OHCHR le WHO li ile tsa qala tataiso ea ho felisa tšoaro e mpe litšebeletsong tsa bophelo bo botle ba kelello

TLHOKOMELISO: Lintlha le maikutlo a hlahisitsoeng lingolong ke tsa ba li bolelang mme ke boikarabello ba bona. Phatlalatso ho The European Times ha ho bolele feela ho tšehetsa maikutlo, empa ho bolela tokelo ea ho e hlahisa.

LIPHETOLELO TSA TLHOKOMELISO: Lingoliloeng tsohle sebakeng sena sa marang-rang li hatisitsoe ka Senyesemane. Liphetolelo tse fetoletsoeng li etsoa ka mokhoa o ikemetseng o tsejoang e le liphetolelo tsa neural. Haeba u na le pelaelo, kamehla sheba sehlooho sa pele. Kea leboha ha u utloisisa.

Juan Sanchez Gil
Juan Sanchez Gil
Juan Sanchez Gil - ho The European Times Litaba - Haholo-holo meleng e ka morao. Ho tlaleha ka litaba tsa melao ea boitšoaro ea khoebo, tsa sechaba le tsa mmuso Europe le machabeng, ho toboketsoa litokelo tsa mantlha. Hape ho fana ka lentsoe ho ba sa mameleng ke mecha ea litaba ka kakaretso.

Ka tebello ea Letsatsi la Lefatše la Bophelo bo Botle ba Kelello, Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo (WHO) le Ofisi ea Mokomishinara ea Phahameng oa Litokelo tsa Botho (OHCHR) ba kopanetse kajeno tataiso e bitsoang "Tataiso le Ts'ebetso ea Bophelo bo Botle ba Kelello, Litokelo tsa Botho le Molao.” Sepheo ke ho tšehetsa linaha ka ho fetola melao ea bona ho felisa tlōlo ea litokelo tsa botho le ho ntlafatsa phihlello ea tlhokomelo ea bophelo bo botle ba kelello.

Tlhekefetso ea litokelo tsa botho le mekhoa e qobellang ho Psychiatry

Liketsahalo tsa tlhekefetso ea litokelo tsa botho le mekhoa e qobellang lefapheng la tlhokomelo ea bophelo e ntse e tsoela pele ho pholletsa le lefats'e hangata e tšehetsoa ke melao le maano a teng. Tsena li kenyelletsa ho kena sepetlele le phekolo ea maemo a sa tsitsang a bophelo, hammoho le 'mele, tshwaro e mpe ya kelello le maikutlo e atileng ditshebeletsong tse ngata tsa bophelo bo botle ba kelello.

Le hoja linaha tse 'maloa li entse boiteko ba ho ntlafatsa melao, maano le litšebeletso tsa tsona ho tloha ha ho amoheloa Tumellano ea Machaba a Kopaneng ea Litokelo tsa Batho ba nang le Bokooa ka 2006 ke palo e fokolang feela e nkileng mehato ea ho fetola melao e amehang ka tekanyo e kholo. Sena sea hlokahala ho felisa tlhekefetso ena le ho khothaletsa litokelo ka har'a tlhokomelo ea bophelo bo botle ba kelello.

Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Motsamaisi Kakaretso oa WHO o hatisa hore “Bophelo bo botle ba kelello ke karolo e ke keng ea arohanngoa le tokelo ea bophelo bo botle. "

O boetse o pheha khang ea hore sena tataiso e ntlafalitsoeng e tla nolofalletsa linaha ho etsa liphetoho e le hore li fane ka tlhokomelo ea bophelo bo botle ba kelello ea boleng bo holimo e khothalletsang batho ka bomong ho hlaphoheloa le ho hlompha seriti sa bona. Sena se matlafatsa batho ba nang le maemo a bophelo bo botle le bokooa ba kelello ho phela bophelo bo khotsofatsang le bo phetseng hantle metseng ea bona.

Volker Türk, Mokomishinara ea Phahameng oa Machaba a Kopaneng oa Litokelo tsa Botho o hatisa bohlokoa ba ho fetola litšebeletso tsa bophelo bo botle ba kelello eseng feela ho latela seo li se finyellang empa hape le ka litekanyetso tsa bona tsa mantlha ho netefatsa hore li lumellana e le kannete le litlhoko le seriti sa motho ka mong. O re sengoliloeng sena se fana ka tataiso ea hore na mokhoa o thehiloeng litokelong o ka thusa joang phetoho e hlokahalang ka har'a litsamaiso tsa bophelo bo botle.

Ho Khothaletsa Tlhokomelo e Atlehang ea Bophelo ba Kelello e Thehiloeng Sechabeng

Boholo ba tšebeliso ea chelete ea 'muso bakeng sa bophelo bo botle ba kelello e abeloa lipetlele tsa mafu a kelello, haholo-holo linaheng tse nang le chelete e ngata tse etsang karolo ea 43 lekholong ea tekanyetso. Leha ho le joalo, bopaki bo bontša hore litšebeletso tsa tlhokomelo ea sechaba ha li fumanehe feela empa hape li na le litšenyehelo tse ngata le tse sebetsang hantle ha li bapisoa le mehlala ea mekhatlo ea tlhokomelo ea bophelo ba kelello.

Tataiso e hlalosa mehato ea ho potlakisa ts'ebetso ea ho tlosoa ha mekhatlo le ho theha mokhoa o shebaneng le sechaba oa tlhokomelo ea bophelo bo botle ba kelello ho latela melao-motheo ea litokelo tsa botho. Sena se kenyeletsa ho kenya ts'ebetsong molao oo butle-butle o nkelang mekhatlo sebaka ka mekhoa ea ts'ehetso ea sechaba le litšebeletso tse tloaelehileng, tse kang tšehetso ea chelete, thuso ea matlo le marang-rang a tšehetso ea lithaka.

Ho Felisa Litloaelo Tse Hlokehang

Ho ea ka barupeluoa ba ketsahalo ea ho qala le bohle ba kentseng letsoho litataisong, ho bohlokoa ho felisa. litloaelo tse qobellang bophelo bo botle ba kelello. Litloaelo tsena, joalo ka botlamuoa le kalafo e qobelloang, ho itšehla thajana le lithibelo, li hatakela tokelo ea batho ea ho etsa liqeto tse nepahetseng mabapi le mekhoa ea bona ea tlhokomelo ea bophelo le kalafo.

Ho feta moo, ho na le bopaki bo ntseng bo eketseha bo bontšang liphello tsa mekhoa ena e qobellang ho phela hantle 'meleng le kelellong. Li mpefatsa maemo a teng le ho arola batho ka bomong marang-rang a bona a tšehetso.

Tataiso e fana ka maikutlo a ho kenyelletsa litokisetso tse felisang khatello litšebeletsong tsa bophelo bo botle ba kelello. E totobatsa bohlokoa ba ho theha tumello e nang le tsebo e le motheo oa mehato eohle ea bophelo bo botle ba kelello. Ho feta moo, e fana ka likhothaletso mabapi le mokhoa oa ho sebetsana le linyeoe ka har'a meralo ea molao le maano ntle le ho sebelisa mehato e qobellang.

Ho Amohela Mokhoa o Thehiloeng ka Litokelo ho Bophelo bo Botle ba Kelello

Ka ho hlokomela hore ho khothalletsa bophelo bo botle ho fetela ka nģ'ane ho lefapha la tlhokomelo ea bophelo tataiso ena e ncha e lebisitsoe ho baetsi ba melao le baetsi ba melaoana ba amehang ho rala, ho lokisa le ho kenya ts'ebetsong melao e amanang le bophelo bo botle ba kelello. Sena se kenyeletsa melao e sebetsanang le litaba tse kang bofuma, ho se lekane le khethollo.

Tataiso e boetse e kenyelletsa lethathamo la tlhahlobo bakeng sa linaha ho lekola hore na melao ea tsona e amanang le bophelo bo botle e lumellana, le litlamo tsa machaba tsa litokelo tsa botho. Ho feta moo, e totobatsa bohlokoa ba ho batla keletso ho batho ba nang le phihlelo le mekhatlo e ba emelang e le karolo ea bohlokoa ea ts'ebetso ena. E boetse e totobatsa bohlokoa ba thuto le ho hlokomelisa ka litaba tse amanang le litokelo.

Le hoja tataiso e fana ka maikutlo a sehlopha sa melao-motheo le litokisetso tse ka sebetsang e le moralo oa molao, e hlokomela hore linaha li na le monyetla oa ho li fetola le ho li lokisa ho latela maemo a tsona a itseng. Sena se kenyelletsa ho nahana ka lintlha tse kang moelelo oa taba, lipuo, ho ameha ha setso, tsamaiso ea molao le tse ling—tseo kaofela re ntse re tšehetsa litekanyetso tsa litokelo tsa botho.

Ka la 10 Mphalane Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo (WHO) o ile oa ikopanya le lichaba ho keteka Letsatsi la Lefatše la Bophelo bo Botle ba Kelello la 2023 tlas'a sehlooho se reng "Bophelo ba kelello ke tokelo ea mantlha ho bohle."


Lenane le leholo le la bohlokoa la Liteboho

Ntlafatso le khokahanyo ea Tataiso ena e ne e etelletsoe pele ke Michelle Funk le Natalie Drew Bold tlas'a bookameli bohle ba Dévora Kestel ho tsoa Lefapheng la Bophelo bo Botle ba Kelello le Tšebeliso ea Lithethefatsi la Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo (WHO) ka kopanelo le Karolo ea Litokelo tsa Moruo, Sechaba le Setso. ea Ofisi ea Mokomishinara ea Phahameng oa Machaba a Kopaneng oa Litokelo tsa Botho (OHCHR). Sehlopha sa bangoli Khatiso ena e ngotsoe ka kopanelo ke WHO le OHCHR. Lebitsong la WHO Alberto Vásquez Encalada (Moeletsi, Switzerland), Michelle Funk (Lefapha la Bophelo bo Botle ba Kelello le Tšebeliso ea Lithethefatsi, WHO) le Natalie Drew Bold (Lefapha la Bophelo bo Botle ba Kelello le Tšebeliso ea Lithethefatsi, WHO). Lebitsong la Litho tsa Basebetsi ba OHCHR tsa Karolo ea Litokelo tsa Moruo, Sechaba le Setso. WHO and OHCHR would like to thank the following individuals and organizations for their valuable contributions, feedback and inputs: External contributors and reviewers Natalie Abrokwa (University of Groningen, Kingdom of the Netherlands), Nazish Arman (Shuchona Foundation, Bangladesh), Peter Bartlett (Centre for Mental Health and Human Rights, Institute of Mental Health, Nottingham University/WHO Collaborating Centre on Mental Health, Disability and Human Rights, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland), Shreya Bhardwaj (Charles University, Czech Republic), Valerie Bichelmeier (Make Mothers Matter, France), Joann Bond (Attorney General’s Chambers and the Ministry of Legal Affairs, Guyana), Mauro Giovanni Carta (University of Cagliari, Italy), Francesca Centola (Mental Health Europe, Belgium), Pyali Chatterjee (ICFAI University, India), Dixon Chibanda, (Friendship Bench and University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe), María Soledad Cisternas (former Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General on Disability and Accessibility, Chile), Lee Allison Clark (Native Women’s Association of Canada, Canada), Jarrod Clyne (International Disability Alliance, Switzerland), Ria Mohammed-Davidson (Attorney at Law, Human Rights and Mental Health, Trinidad and Tobago), Maria de Lourdes Beldi de Alcântara (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil), Eric Diaz Mella (Centro de Reorganimación Regional y Observatorio Social, Chile), Robert Dinerstein (American University Washington College of Law, the United States of America), Zuzana Durajová (Charles University, Czech Republic), Julian Eaton (CBM Global, the United Kingdom), Elisabetta Pascolo Fabrici (Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Giuliano Isontina (ASUGI)/WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Mental Health, Italy), Alexandra Finch (Georgetown University, the United States), Leon Garcia (Centro and Hospital das Clínicas, Brazil), Neeraj Gill (Griffith University, Australia), Guilherme Gonçalves Duarte (Permanent Mission of Portugal in Geneva, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Portugal), Piers Gooding (La Trobe Law School, Australia), Lawrence Gostin (O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University Law Center, Georgetown University/WHO Collaborating Center for National and Global Health Law, the United States), Kristijan Grđan (Association for Psychological Support Croatia, Croatia, and Mental Health Europe, Belgium), Vivian Hemmelder (Mental Health Europe, Belgium), Edgar Hilario (Department of Health, Philippines), Torsten Hjelmar (Citizens Commission on Human Rights Europe, Denmark), Mushegh Hovsepyan (Disability Rights Agenda, Armenia), Dr Irmansyah (The National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia), Simon Njuguna Kahonge (Ministry of Health, Kenya), Olga Kalina (Georgian Network of (Ex)Users and Survivors of Psychiatry, Georgia, and the European Network of (Ex)Users and Survivors of Psychiatry (ENUSP), Denmark), Elizabeth Kamundia (Kenya National Commission on Human Rights, Kenya), Sylvester Katontoka (Mental Health Users Network of Zambia, Zambia), Brendan Kelly (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland), Hansuk Kim (Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea), Seongsu Kim (Dawon Mental Health Clinic, Republic of Korea), Bernard Kuria (Ministry of Health, Kenya), Karilė Levickaitė (NGO Mental Health Perspectives, Lithuania, and Mental Health Europe, Belgium), Carlos Augusto de Mendonça Lima (World Psychiatric Association Section of Old Age Psychiatry, Switzerland), Laura Marchetti (Mental Health Europe, Belgium), Claudia Marinetti (Mental Health Europe, Belgium), Nemache Mawere (Ingutsheni Central Hospital, Zimbabwe), Felicia Mburu (Article 48 Initiative, Kenya), Roberto Mezzina (International Mental Health Collaborating Network and World Federation for Mental Health, Italy), Kendra Milne (Health Justice, Canada), Angelica Chiketa Mkorongo (Zimbabwe Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Trust, Zimbabwe), Guadalupe Morales Cano (Fundación Mundo Bipolar and European Network of (Ex)Users and Survivors of Psychiatry, Spain), Fabian Musoro (Ministry of Health, Zimbabwe), Macharia Njoroge (Championing for Community Inclusion in Kenya, Kenya), Nasri Omar (Ministry of Health, Kenya), Cheluchi Onyemelukwe-Onuobia (Babcock University, Nigeria), Hazel Othello (Ministry of Health, Trinidad and Tobago), Gemma Parojinog (Commission on Human Rights, Philippines), Soumitra Pathare (Indian Law Society, India), Eduardo Pinto da Silva (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Portugal), Gerard Quinn (UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Ireland), Carlos Rios-Espinosa (Human Rights Watch, the United States), Gabriele Rocca (World Association for Psychosocial Rehabilitation and WAPR Human Rights Committee, Italy), Jean-Luc Roelandt (Service de recherche et de formation en santé mentale, Etablissement Public de Santé Mentale (EPSM) Lille Métropole/Centre collaborateur de l’OMS pour la Recherche et la Formation en Santé mentale, France), Marta Rondon (Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal, Peru), Artur Sakunts (Helsinki Citizens’ Assembly – HCA Vanadzor, Armenia), San San Oo (Aung Clinic Mental Health Initiative, Myanmar), Liuska Sanna (Mental Health Europe, Belgium), Josep Maria Solé Chavero (Support-Girona Catalonia, Spain), Slađana Štrkalj Ivezić (University Psychiatric Hospital Vrapče, Croatia), Charlene Sunkel (Global Mental Health Peer Network, South Africa), Kate Swaffer (Dementia Alliance International, Australia), Bliss Christian Takyi (St.

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