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Laboraro, May 29, 2024
Khetho ea mohlophisiParamente ea Europe e Amohela Qeto e Khahlanong le Morafo oa Norway o Leoatleng le Leholo ho Arctic

Paramente ea Europe e Amohela Qeto e Khahlanong le Meepo ea Norway e Leoatleng le Leholo ho Arctic

TLHOKOMELISO: Lintlha le maikutlo a hlahisitsoeng lingolong ke tsa ba li bolelang mme ke boikarabello ba bona. Phatlalatso ho The European Times ha ho bolele feela ho tšehetsa maikutlo, empa ho bolela tokelo ea ho e hlahisa.

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Juan Sanchez Gil
Juan Sanchez Gil
Juan Sanchez Gil - ho The European Times Litaba - Haholo-holo meleng e ka morao. Ho tlaleha ka litaba tsa melao ea boitšoaro ea khoebo, tsa sechaba le tsa mmuso Europe le machabeng, ho toboketsoa litokelo tsa mantlha. Hape ho fana ka lentsoe ho ba sa mameleng ke mecha ea litaba ka kakaretso.

Brussels. The Deep Sea Conservation Coalition (DSCC), Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF), Greenpeace, Seas in Risk (SAR), Sustainable Ocean Alliance (SOA) le World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) ba bontšitse kananelo ea bona bakeng sa kamohelo ea Qeto B9 0095/2024 ke Paramente ea Europe mabapi le qeto ea Norway ea ho tsoela pele ka merafo e tebileng ea leoatle Arctic. Qeto ena e supa khanyetso e ntseng e eketseha ea indasteri ea merafo ea leoatleng le tebileng ho latela khetho ea morao-rao ea Norway.

Maparamente a Europe a vouta molemong oa Resolution B9 0095/2024 e fetisa molaetsa. E totobatsa mathata a bohlokoa a tikoloho mabapi le leano la Norway la ho bula libaka tse pharaletseng metsing a Arctic bakeng sa ts'ebetso ea merafo e tebileng ea leoatle. Qeto ena e tiisa hape tumello ea Palamente ea ho emisa. E khothaletsa Khomishene ea EU, Linaha tseo e leng Litho le linaha tsohle ho nka mokhoa oa ho ba hlokolosi le ho buella ho emisoa ha merafo e tebileng ea leoatle ho kenyeletsoa le Bolaoli ba Machaba ba Leoatleng.

Sandrine Polti, Moetapele oa Europe bakeng sa DSCC, o itse, "Re amohela qeto ena haholo ea Paramente ea Europe e tiisang boipiletso ba eona ba ho emisa indasteri ena e senyang le e kotsi pele e qala. Ha lebelo le ntse le eketseha lefatšeng ka bophara bakeng sa ho emisa, re kopa Norway hore e fetole qeto ea eona pele ho baka tšenyo e ke keng ea etsolloa leoatleng la rona. ”

Anne-Sophie Roux, Moetapele oa Deep Sea Mining Europe bakeng sa SOA, o hatelletse, "Hajoale, ha re na tsebo e matla, e felletseng, le e tšepahalang ea saense ho lumella tlhahlobo e tšepahalang ea litlamorao tsa ho ntšoa ha liminerale tse tebileng tsa leoatle. Ka hona mosebetsi ofe kapa ofe oa merafo o tla hanana le boitlamo ba Norway mabapi le mokhoa oa ho ba hlokolosi, tsamaiso e tsitsitseng, le boitlamo ba machaba ba boemo ba leholimo le tlhaho.

Haldis Tjeldflaat Helle, Deep-Sea Moetapele oa Letšolo la Meepo ho Greenpeace Nordic, o lemositse, "Ka ho bula merafo e tebileng ea leoatle Arctic, Norway e iphapanyetsa bo-ramahlale ba maoatle ba amehileng ba makholo 'me e lahleheloa ke ts'epo eohle kantle ho naha e le naha e ikarabellang ea maoatle. Sena e lokela ho ba temoso ho 'muso ofe kapa ofe o nahanang ho tsoela pele ka merafo ea leoatle le tebileng. "

Qeto ea Paramente e tla kamora tumello ea paramente, ka la 9 Pherekhong 2024, ho lumella ts'ebetso ea merafo e tebileng ea leoatle sebakeng sa lik'hilomithara tse fetang 280,000, se batlang se lekana le Italy, sebakeng se senyehileng sa tikoloho ea Arctic. Qeto ena e hlahisitse ngongoreho e atileng har'a sechaba sa lefats'e, ho kenyeletsoa bo-ramahlale, indasteri ea ho ts'oasa litlhapi, mekhatlo e ikemetseng le mekhatlo ea sechaba, le baitseki. boipiletso e fumane batho ba fetang 550,000 ba saenneng ho fihlela joale. Setsi sa Tikoloho sa Norway se nkile hore tlhahlobo ea leano la phello ea tikoloho e fanoeng ke mmuso oa Norway ha e fane ka motheo o lekaneng oa mahlale kapa oa molao oa ho buloa bakeng sa tlhahlobo ea merafo e tebileng ea leoatle kapa tlhekefetso.

Kaja Lønne Fjærtoft, Moetapele oa Leano la Global No Deep Seabed Mining Policy bakeng sa WWF International, o itse, "Qeto ea mmuso oa Norway ea ho bula mesebetsi ea merafo e tebileng ea leoatle e ts'oana le likhothaletso tsa mekhatlo ea eona ea litsebi, bo-ramahlale ba etelletseng pele, liunivesithi, litsi tsa lichelete le sechaba. Joalo ka moetapele oa maoatle ea ipitsang, Norway e lokela ho tataisoa ke mahlale. Bopaki bo hlakile - bakeng sa leoatle le phetseng hantle, re hloka ho emisa merafo e tebileng ea leoatle. ”

Qeto e fetisitsoeng ke Paramente e fana ka matšoenyeho mabapi le maikemisetso a Norway a ho kenella mesebetsing ea merafo e tebileng ea leoatle le litlamorao tse ka bang teng mesebetsing ena ho botšoasi ba litlhapi ba EU, polokeho ea lijo, mefuta-futa ea maoatle a Arctic le linaha tsa boahelani. Ho feta moo, e totobatsa matšoenyeho a hore Norway e kanna ea tlola melao ea machabeng ka ho se fihlelle litekanyetso, bakeng sa ho etsa tlhahlobo ea leano la phello ea tikoloho.

Simon Holmström, Ofisiri ea Leano la Meepo ea Leoatle le Leholo ho Seas At Risk, o hatelletse, “Litsi tsa tikoloho ea Arctic li se li le tlas'a khatello e matla ka lebaka la phetoho ea maemo a leholimo. Haeba merafo ea botebong ba leoatle e lumelloa ho tsoela pele, e ka sitisa sekoahelo se seholo ka ho fetisisa sa khabone lefatšeng - leoatle le tebileng - 'me sa baka tahlehelo e ke keng ea khutlisoa le ea ka ho sa feleng ea mefuta-futa ea maoatle ka har'a metsi le ka nqane ho metsi a Norwegian. Re ke ke ra lumella seo hore se etsahale.”

Ho fihlela joale, linaha tse 24 lefatšeng ka bophara, ho kenyeletsoa linaha tse 7 tsa EU, li batla ho emisoa kapa ho emisa indasteri. Likhamphani tsa machaba tse kang Google, Samsung, Northvolt, Volvo, le BMW li itlamme hore li ke ke tsa fumana liminerale tse tsoang botebong ba leoatle. Litlaleho li tsoela pele ho totobatsa hore litšepe tse fumanoang leoatleng le tebileng ha li hlokehe 'me li tla fana ka melemo e fokolang ea lichelete ho ba seng bakae ba khethiloeng, ho hanyetsa lipolelo tsa lik'hamphani tsa merafo tse tebileng tsa leoatle.

Martin Webeler, Moeta-pele oa Letšolo la Meepo ea Leoatle le Leholo bakeng sa Motheo oa Toka ea Tikoloho, o ile a phaella ka ho re, "Meepo e tebileng ea leoatle ha e hlokehe bakeng sa phetoho e tala. Ho senya tikoloho e batlang e hloekile ho ke ke ha emisa tahlehelo ea mefuta-futa ea lihloliloeng 'me ho ke ke ha re thusa ho rarolla bothata ba boemo ba leholimo - ho tla e mpefatsa le ho feta. Re hloka ho nahanisisa hape ka botebo: ho kengoa tšebetsong ka botlalo moruong o potolohang le phokotso e akaretsang ea tlhoko ea liminerale e tlameha ho ba molao-motheo o re tataisang.

Tumello ea Paramente ea Europe ea Resolution B9 0095/2024 e bontša hore ho na le matšoenyeho a arolelanoang mabapi le liphello tsa merafo e tebileng ea leoatle, Arctic. Ka lebaka leo, ho entsoe mohala oa ho emisa indasteri ena. Khanyetso ea lefats'e ka bophara, khahlano le merafo e tebileng ea leoatle e ntse e matlafala, e totobatsa bohlokoa ba ho laola le ho nka mehato ea ho sireletsa maoatle a rona.

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